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Ingredients Explained

Ingredients Explained

Glycolic Acid (AHA's)

Alpha Hydroxy Acid. AHAs are low molecular weight water soluble organic acids that are found naturally occurring in various fruits and foods; e.g. lactic acid from milk, glycolic acid from sugar cane, malic acid from apples, tartaric acid from grapes and citric acid from citrus fruits. It safely exfoliates the outer layer of dead skin cells on the surface your skin reducing fine lines, age spots, acne scars, and irregular pigmentation This is beneficial for those who are looking for ingredients that help with anti-aging. Glycolic acid can also help lighten discoloration of the skin, such as sun spots or age spots and help those with acne-prone and blackhead-prone skin. The first signs of skin aging come from decreased skin moisture content combined with a decrease in skin's natural exfoliation and renewal rate, resulting in dull skin, lack of suppleness, dryness, uneven pigmentation and fine lines and wrinkles. Advanced AHA corrects both of these problems by signaling cells to make HA, our skin's cells natural moisture substance, and therefore prompting the skin to "self moisturize", or moisture from the inside out. A unique combination of Lactic acid and Essential skin antioxidant vitamins helps normalize skin exfoliation and renewal rate to return the skin to more youthful healthy appearance. containing hyaluronic acid may help smooth out skin. It's especially effective when combined with vitamin C products.

Products Containing Glycolic Acid:

Lactic Acid (AHA's)

Lactic acid is an alpha hydroxyl acid (AHA) derived from milk following a process of fermentation. It is a powerful and uniquely gentle exfoliator that is shown to increase the skin's hydration as well as reduce the appearance of aging skin including fine lines, wrinkles and hyperpigmentation. lactic acid functions as a humectant, an agent that attracts and holds onto water. It has the added benefit of filling in the spaces between skin cells in the outer layer of the epidermis called the stratum corneum. This helps to reduce roughness and make skin feel softer and smoother. It's a particularly good moisturizing ingredient for skin damaged by exposure to the sun. Lactic acid is our body's natural skin moisturizer, being natural to the human body dramatically improves the safety profile and results of the products. Because lactic acid and glycolic acid are commonly used AHA exfoliants they are often lumped together in terms of the benefits they deliver, however, there are clear distinctions to be made. Because lactic acid, derived from sour dairy products and fermented fruits and vegetables, is a larger molecule than sugar cane-derived glycolic acid, it does not penetrate as deeply and is hence much less likely to cause irritation than glycolic acid. For this reason alone Lactic acid is the AHA of choice for sensitive, dull skin, lack of suppleness, dry, mature, uneven pigmentation and fine lines and wrinkles skin.

Salicylic Acid (BHA)

Salicylic acid is a beta hydroxy acid derived from the bark of a willow tree. It has both cosmetic and medicinal uses. It is often found in skin care products because of its ability to treat acne, and other skin conditions. salicylic acid works by causing the cells of the epidermis to shed properly. This prevents skin pores from getting clogged up and subsequently being infected with bacteria. For this reason, aids in the process of exfoliation by eliminating surface skin cells and opening up pores. The acid is also known to break down blackheads and whiteheads as well as other types of acne. Salicylic acid also exfoliates the skin to improve texture and help reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. Overall, salicylic acid provides anti-aging benefits, smooths the skin and helps prevent and resolve blackheads and microcomedones, which are the basis of eventual acne lesions.


Cellular turnover slows with age and new cells are generated less rapidly and remain on the skin longer. Retinoids (or Vitamin A) work by increasing cellular turnover in the skin. New cells are created more rapidly, progress to the surface of the skin more rapidly and are sloughed off more rapidly. This prevents or reduces many conditions associated with cellular build-up. Pigmentation is often reduced due to more rapid turnover and replacement of hyperpigmented areas. Retinoids play a critical role in skin growth, repair and epithelial cell differentiation. Additionally, when retinol technology is formulated in combination with glycolic acid, there is a synergistic enhancement and the overall results are greatly intensified.vitamin A in all its forms works as a cell-communicating ingredient. That means it can actually tell a skin cell to behave and even look like a more normal, younger cell. When you have sun damaged skin this communication is incredibly beneficial because sun damaged skin produces unhealthy, abnormal, and inflexible skin cells.
Here's why skin responds to skin care products with retinol: vitamin A has a molecular structure that's tiny enough to get into the lower layers of skin, where it finds collagen and elastin. Retinol is proven to improve mottled pigmentation, fine lines and wrinkles skin texture, skin tone and color, and your skin's hydration levels. Using a retinol-based product may cause the skin's top layer (the epidermis) to become dry and flaky,either reduce frequency or increase moisturizer and sunscreen when using it.

Vitamin C Ascorbic Acid

There are many skin care products on the market today that boast vitamin C derivatives as an ingredient (Tetrahexyldecyl Ascorbate, ascorbyl palmitate, L-ascorbic acid)  Vitamin C is the only antioxidant that is proven to stimulate the synthesis of collagen which is essential since your body's natural collagen production decreases as you age. Sun exposure will also accelerate the decrease in collagen. As you age, your body slows down its production of collagen and elastin, which keep skin strong, flexible, and resilient.
The antioxidants found in vitamin C may helps to minimize fine lines, scars, and wrinkles as well, Strengthen skin's barrier response, Reduce inflammation, Lessen hyperpigmentation, Boost the efficacy of sunscreen actives,
Vitamin C has a variety of benefits for health and for maintaining healthy, youthful skin. It functions as an antioxidant, helping to offset oxidative damage that degrades collagen and leads to wrinkles and saggy skin. When skin is exposed to ultraviolet light from the sun, a sequence of events occurs that leads to free radical production. These free radicals damage skin cell membranes and activate enzymes that break down collagen and elastin, two most important proteins that keep skin firm and youthful. Vitamin C has the ability to donate electrons to free radicals so they aren't as damaging to cellular structures. Vitamin C isn't a substitute for sunscreen,

Kojic acid

Kojic acid is a non-toxic, highly effective pigment lightening agent derived from mushrooms. It has been used safely worldwide for many years without irritations or long-term complications commonly associated with other lightening agents like hydroquinone. Studies have shown it to be more effective than hydroquinone with results beginning to be noticeable within the first one to two. To understand kojic acid's effects, it is necessary to understand how the skin gets it color. The body naturally produces a pigment known as melanin through specialized cells known as melanocytes. A person's genes determine how much melanin the body naturally produces. In people with fair skin, only small amounts of melanin are manufactured by the melanocytes, while copious amounts of the pigment are made by the cells of those with dark complexions. he production of melanin in the skin does not occur in fixed amounts. Often, the cells produce more melanin in response to the environment or internal conditions in the body. When the skin is exposed to ultraviolet radiation from the sun, the melanocytes increase their production activities, causing the skin to tan. Repeated exposure to the sun can result in a permanent increase in melanin production in spots on the skin, causing small freckles and larger sun or age spots to form.

Hyaluronic Acid

Hyaluronic acid attracts water to the skin and acts as a super moisturizer. Hyaluronic acid microspheres act like tiny molecular sponges to impart and retain moisture in the skin. Hyaluronic acid not only provides extraordinary moisturizing capabilities, but also adds volume to skin layers. The absorption and retention of water fills the skin and exerts pressure upward in the direction of the skin's surface to give a much plumper and smoother appearance. it's a naturally occurring substance in the human body that regulates cell renewal, lubricates connective tissue and maintains skin's moisture and elasticity. Hyaluronic acid is a type of glycosaminoglycan, a substance found naturally in the fluid that bathes joints, connective tissue and in the portion of the eye called the vitreous humor. It's also abundant in the dermis of the skin, the layer that lies just beneath the epidermis. Here, it's loosely bound to collagen and elastin fibers that give skin its firmness and ability to bounce back and hold its shape. Hyaluronic acid primary function is to attract and hold onto water. In fact, it can bind water up to a thousand times its own volume. With age, hyaluronic acid levels in the skin decline. Its connections with elastin and collagen fibers are also disrupted.


Peptides are proteins composed of long or short chains of amino acids, which are the building blocks of protein. Peptides act as signaling molecules in skin just as they do in other parts of the body. Collagen is the primary protein that gives skin its support and youthful firmness. Collagen levels decline with age and with sun exposure, and this accounts for the loss of firmness and skin wrinkling that appears as people age  Most peptides function as moisture-binding agents and almost all of them have theoretical cell-communicating ability to help skin repair itself.  Some peptides alter bodily functions by serving as hormones while others act as signaling molecules, allowing cells to communicate with one another. Peptides are also increasingly being used in cosmetic and skin care products for their skin anti-aging benefits.

Growth Factors

Growth Factor Youth will restore smoothness, luminosity and radiance to the skin. Every cell type in your skin secretes certain proteins known as growth factors. Growth factors are natural proteins in our body that are responsible for a variety of cellular activities such as cellular growth, proliferation and differentiation. They play an important role in maintaining healthy skin structure and function. rowth factors are secreted by all cell types that make up the epidermis (outer layer of skin) and dermis (the layer of skin between the epidermis and subcutaneous tissue) of the skin including keratinocytes, fibroblasts and melanocytes.

Epidermal Growth Factor (EGF): we age, the level of EGF in our skin declines, leading to slower skin metabolism, lack of radiance and the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. The challenge is to restore the level of EGF within the skin, in order to activate its natural regeneration mechanisms. Growth Factor based product has been developed using the purest form of EGF: triple filtered to activate the skin's natural regeneration mechanism and restore its youthfulness,

Transforming Growth Factor-Beta (TGF-β1): is one of the many growth factors in the body collectively referred to as cytokines. Cytokines are a large and diverse family of small protein molecules used by cells in the body for intracellular communication and regulation. TGF-β1 is specifically believed to help maintain the appearance of youthful, healthy skin. TGF-β1 as a major tool in helping to improve the visible signs of aging.

Fibroblast Growth Factor (FGF): Help repair damaged tissue and promote wound healing. They also play an important role in repairing post-procedural skin damage.Speaking directly with the fibroblasts in the lower layers of the skin, to produce collagen and elastin to renew the skins support structure and improve the appearance of lines and wrinkles.

Copper Peptide

Peptides are segments of active proteins that communicate with cells and instruct them to behave in certain ways. copper peptides due to their ability to promote the production of glycosaminoglycans like hyaluronic acid. These substances are found in the connective tissue and fluids in the human body and become depleted with age. The glycosaminoglycans are vital for helping the skin tissue remain plump and supple, and by supplementing their levels, the tissue can fill out and fine lines and wrinkles become less noticeable.
Your skin is exposed to free radicals on a daily basis, and over time, the oxidation that they cause can result in cellular damage, which leads to the development of signs of aging. Because copper peptides neutralize free radicals, they can help prevent expression lines and wrinkles from developing prematurely.

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